Pre-Disaster Mitigation Grant Program
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) program (CFDA Number: 97.047) provides funding to support states, territories, Indian tribal governments, communities, and universities for hazard mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects prior to a disaster event. This program promotes implementation of activities designed to reduce injuries, loss of life, and damage and destruction to property from natural hazards. PDM grants are to be awarded on a competitive basis and without reference to state allocations, quotas, or other formula-based allocation of funds.
Purpose: This program is designed help states, Indian tribal governments, territories, and communities implement pre-disaster mitigation planning and projects that address and reduce future losses primarily from natural hazards. It is intended to help reduce reliance on federal funding during and after future disasters, and can also provide opportunities to raise public awareness of the importance of proactive risk reduction before disasters strike.
Eligible Uses: PDM funds can be used for mitigation planning and mitigation projects (described at 42 U.S.C.A. § 4104c.) Mitigation planning must meet the criteria outlined in 44 C.F.R. Part 201 and result in the adoption of, and approval by FEMA of, a mitigation plan for the jurisdiction. Mitigation projects must reduce long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards and their effects. Grants can be used to support mitigation planning
Potential Adaptation Uses: Cities can consider how climate change will exacerbate their risks to natural hazards in hazard mitigation plans (HMP) using PDM grants. HMPs direct how hazard mitigation funds are allocated in the aftermath of a presidentially declared disaster. PDM funds can also be used to implement projects to reduce risks from natural hazards. In Fiscal Year 2016, FEMA prioritized "Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities" including floodplain and stream restoration, flood diversion and storage; and pre- or postwildfire mitigation activities; and mitigation action using green infrastructure approaches. Funds can also be used for non-flood mitigation projects to address wildfire, landslide and wind; to implement stormwater management or flood control projects; to acquire flood-prone properties; to elevate structures.
Eligible Grantees: States, U.S. territories, and federally-recognized tribes are all eligible to apply for PDM funding; the relevant emergency management agency of these entities serves as the primary applicant. Other state agencies, Indian Tribal governments, and local governments are eligible to apply as subapplicants for assistance under the PDM program. The definition of community does appear includes only those regional government entities that are “political subdivision of the state” with regulatory authority over floodplains.
Process and Requirements: State and community applicants must have a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan, and the activities proposed to be funded must be consistent with the plan. Typically, a 25 percent non-federal share is required, although exceptions can be made for communities or tribal grantees or subgrantees that are small and impoverished. Projects must meet eligibility criteria including technical feasibility, cost-effectiveness; compliance with environmental and historic preservation laws and regulations and other program requirements.
The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) provides up to date information on recent appropriations to this program from Congress, the average size of grants, and matching requirements. A summary is included here, but check the CFDA for more up to date information:
- Recent Obligations: In FY 2016, the total amount of funds distributed PDM is projected to be $90,000,000
- Size of Grants: For planning grants, funding is restricted to a maximum of $400,000 Federal share; a maximum of $150,000 federal share may be requested for an update to an existing local single jurisdiction plan and $300,000 for an update to a state/territory plan or multi-jurisdictional local plan. For mitigation projects, funding is restricted to a maximum of $4 million Federal share.
Authorization: Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. § 5133.
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- Funding program