Promising Practices for Environmental Justice Methodologies in NEPA Reviews

The Promising Practices report was developed by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Committee and the Federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice as a compilation of best practices that federal agencies can consider for conducting environmental justice analyses for NEPA reviews. These promising practices offer a variety of methodological approaches that may be suitable across various NEPA activities. The report provides recommendations, but is not formal agency guidance, and does not establish new requirements for NEPA analysis. 

The consideration of climate change impacts is prioritized in the impact analysis process. It is suggested that agencies consider how results from the proposed justice action could potentially amplify climate change-related hazards in the affected environment, and vice versa. 

The report categorizes strategies into 9 groups: meaningful engagement, the scoping process, identifying the affected environment, considering alternatives, identifying minority populations, identifying low-income populations, analyzing impacts, identifying disproportionately high and adverse impacts, and mitigation and monitoring. 

Many strategies appear in multiple categories and have repeated themes: involving minority and low-income communities consistently and meaningfully, widening the scope of analysis so as to catch more potential impacts, and being transparent by documenting rationale each step of the way in plain, clear writing. 


Publication Date: March 2016

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  • Best practice
  • Policy analysis/recommendations


  • Socioeconomic

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