Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan
The Hawaiʻi Ocean Resources Management Plan (ORMP) is a statewide plan that presents the State’s ocean and coastal resource management priorities, and provides guidance to state agencies with responsibilities relating to marine and coastal zone management. The ORMP was updated in July of 2013, and was developed under the Hawaii State Office of Planning Coastal Zone Management Program with the participation of county, state and federal agencies responsible for ocean and coastal resources, along with input from the community. The plan inter-relates state agency responsibilities such as appropriate coastal development, watershed management, marine debris, and coral reef protection. Climate change and it’s direct impacts such as sea-level rise, coastal erosion, ocean acidification, and coral bleaching are discussed in detail throughout the Plan, along with adaptive management strategies, goals and metrics.
The ORMP establishes eleven Management Priorities for the next five-year planning period (through 2018). It further identifies the respective goals and implementation measures for the Priorities, identifying responsible agencies and resources, and methods for performance measures and reporting. This update of the ORMP is the first time that performance measurement has been made part of the plan.
Management Priority #2, “Management of Coastal Hazards,” defines three critical goals for the state related to climate impacts, sea level rise, and adaptation:
Goal A: Support adoption of county laws for Best Management Practices to reduce risks from coastal hazards, including the impacts from climate change.
Goal B: Complete coastal mapping of the Main Hawaiian Islands to assist with management of coastal hazards such as coastal erosion and sea level rise.
Goal C: Collaborate and support county and state efforts to develop climate change risk analysis and adaptation strategies for public facilities.
Indicator Measures or metrics for achieving each goal in the management of coastal hazards were also developed:
- Develop guidance on how to integrate climate change policy into County Development Plans/Sustainable Community Plans and regulatory permits (OP-CZM)
- Increase in number of state departments completing coastal hazards risk analysis for their facilities (OP-CZM)
- Increase in number of county general and community/development plans that include a climate change adaptation component (County planning departments)
- Creation of greenhouse gas emissions rules (DOH)
- Shoreline erosion studies and maps completed for Hawai‘i Island, Lāna‘i, and Moloka‘i (UH-SOEST)
- Review and update shoreline erosion maps for Kaua‘i, Maui, and O‘ahu (UH-SOEST)
- Increase in number of climate change adaptation training sessions held (OP-CZM)
- Increase in number of state departments adopting climate change adaptation strategies in their maintenance plans and capital improvement program plans (OP-CZM)
Management Priority #11 on National Ocean Policy and Pacific Regional Ocean Initiatives includes climate related goals also. Hawaii intends to contribute to the Pacific Regional Priorities for Pacific Regional Ocean Partnership, which include, but are not limited to, climate change adaptation and the support of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning.
The ORMP is a requirement under Hawaii Revised Statutes §205A-3 and is a major component of Hawaii's Coastal Zone Management (CZM) Program. The purpose of the ORMP as required in HRS Section 205A-4 is to provide a framework and implementation strategy for state agencies and others working with state agencies.
Publication Date: July 2013
- Hawaii State Office of Planning
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
- Agency guidance/policy
- Extreme storms and hurricanes
- Ocean acidification
- Sea-level rise
- Water quality
- Water supply
- Water temperatures