Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities for Hazard Mitigation Assistance

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) released a suite of tools and guidance for Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities (CRMA) aimed at bolstering local efforts to leverage federal hazard-mitigation funding to reduce the impacts of climate change.  Eligible activities include:

  • aquifer storage and recovery
  • stream restoration
  • flood diversion and storage, and
  • green infrastructure.

These activities can reduce flood damage and provide ancillary ecosystem benefits, such as drought mitigation and improved water and air quality. 

The agency’s CRMA tools include fact sheets with technical overviews for each activity and background information on FEMA’s three Hazard Mitigation Assistance programs:

  • the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
  • Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), and
  • Flood-Mitigation Assistance (FMA).

The tools also include guidance for conducting benefit-cost analyses (BCA), which are required to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of proposals. 

The new BCA tools represent a significant expansion of the consideration of environmental benefits in hazard-mitigation projects.  Before issuing the updated guidance, FEMA counted ecosystem services only for property acquisitions and open-space projects.  The new BCA tools specifically account for the ecosystem services and drought mitigation benefits provided by all eligible CRM activities and can be used to help justify projects that address any hazard. (In 2015, FEMA also released pre-calculated benefits to conduct the BCA for post-wildfire projects including soil stabilization, flood diversion, and reforestation.) 

Applicants may seek funding for projects with eligible Climate Resilient Mitigation Activities under the post-disaster HMGP for disasters declared after Sept. 29, 2015.   Applicants can seek funding for eligible activities under FEMA’s other two HMA programs—PDM and FMA—for application periods opened after Sept. 29, 2015.

Applicants may use the new BCA guidance and tools supporting these activities for HMA application periods opened after May 11, 2016.


If you have any trouble accessing the website link above, please find here an archived page. You may find this has limited use.

Publication Date: May 11, 2016

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  • Agency guidance/policy


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