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New York City Intro. 1600-2019: A Local Law to Amend the Administrative Code of the City of New York, in Relation to the Creation of a Citywide Climate Adaptation Plan

October 7, 2021

In October 2021, the City of New York passed a new law that requires the city to prepare a citywide adaptation plan by September 30, 2022 that covers all five of the city's boroughs. The plan must evaluate climate hazards, including extreme storms, sea-level rise, tidal flooding, extreme heat, extreme precipitation, extreme wind, wildfires, and "flooding surge events associated with a storm." In addition, the city must include recommendations to help increase local resilience and adapt development and infrastructure to climate hazards. Notably, Intro. 1600-2019 has a specific focus on equity. Specifically, in the plan, the city is required to "identify areas that are highly vulnerable to climate hazards to help determine where resiliency and adaptation measures should first be implemented" and "consider the potential impact on environmental justice areas."

Related Organizations: City of New York, New York

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Dedicates $15 Billion for Climate Action and Protecting Frontline Communities

September 23, 2021

On September 23, 2021, California signed a $15-billion climate-investment package that includes 24 bills dedicated to tackling the climate crisis and protecting frontline communities in California. The bills address clean energy, wildfires, droughts, community climate resilience, sustainable agriculture, extreme heat, and sea-level rise, among other topics. As Governor Gavin Newsom explained, the bills aim to address “the climate crisis head-on while protecting the hardest-hit communities” in California.

Related Organizations: State of California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Connecticut Public Law 21–115: An Act Concerning Climate Change Adaptation

July 6, 2021

On July 6, 2021, Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont signed into law Public Law 21–115: An Act Concerning Climate Change Adaptation to increase local resilience planning options, legal authorities, and financing for adaptation and resilience projects. The main components of this law authorize the creation of municipal stormwater authorities, and increase the authority of municipal flood prevention and climate resilience boards and their ability to collect and raise funds for climate resilience projects. In addition, the law expands the scope of the state’s "green bank," the Connecticut Green Bank, beyond clean energy to adaptation- and resilience-related projects, with an emphasis on prioritizing financing for frontline communities.  

Related Organizations: State of Connecticut

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Hawaii Act 179 (Senate Bill 474): Relating to Real Property Transactions

July 2, 2021

On July 2, 2021, Hawaii Governor David Ige signed into law Act 179 (Senate Bill 474), which requires that sellers of real estate located in areas at risk of sea-level rise disclose this information to potential buyers (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 508D-15 (2021)). Policymakers passed the law to ensure that prospective buyers are aware of future risks to property related to sea-level rise.

Related Organizations: State of Hawaii, Hawaii Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Commission

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Hawaii Act 178 (House Bill 243): Relating to Sea-Level Rise Adaptation

July 2, 2021

On July 2, 2021, Hawaii Governor David Ige signed into law Act 178 (House Bill 243), which directs the state’s agencies to collaborate toward identifying state facilities that are vulnerable to sea-level rise, flooding, and natural hazards (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 225M-__ (2021)). Act 178 also requires agencies to assess options to mitigate the impacts of sea-level rise to these facilities. The law affirms and updates the Hawaii Office of Planning’s role in providing “central direction and cohesion” as the leader of this interagency effort (Haw. Rev. Stat. § 225M-2 (2021)).

Related Organizations: State of Hawaii, Hawaii State Office of Planning, Hawaii Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Commission

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maine H.P. 1169–L.D. 1572: Resolve, To Analyze the Impact of Sea-Level Rise

June 16, 2021

On June 16, 2021, Maine Governor Janet Mills signed into law H. P. 1169–L. D. 1572 directing state-level departments and agencies to conduct a review of their laws and regulations to incorporate considerations of a relative sea-level rise of 1. 5 feet by 2050 and 4 feet by 2100. Additionally, this law directs state-level departments and agencies to identify ways to implement strategy F3 of the Maine Climate Action Plan, Maine Won’t Wait, “to enhance community resilience to flooding and other climate impacts.

Related Organizations: State of Maine

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Florida Senate Bill (S.B.) 1954: Statewide Flooding and Sea-Level Rise Resilience

May 13, 2021

On May 12, 2021, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis signed Senate Bill (S. B. ) 1954, Statewide Flooding and Sea-Level Rise Resilience, into law (Fla. Stat. § 380. 093 (2021)). Among other provisions, the law establishes the Resilient Florida Grant Program to build regional and local resilience and requires the state develop a statewide flood vulnerability and sea-level rise data assessment and Statewide Flooding and Sea-Level Rise Resilience Plan.  The purpose of the law is to determine flooding risks related to increased precipitation, extreme weather, and sea-level rise and initiate a coordinated statewide effort to adapt to these risks.

Related Organizations: State of Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Florida Senate Bill (S.B.) 2514: Resilient Florida Trust Fund

May 13, 2021

On May 12, 2021, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis signed Senate Bill (S.B. 2514) into law creating the Resilient Florida Trust Fund (fund) within the Department of Environmental Protection (Fla. Stat. § 380.0935 (2021)). Accompanying S.B. 1954, the fund was established to support the Resilient Florida Grant Program and the development of the Statewide Flooding and Sea-Level Rise Resilience PlanFunds from the Resilient Florida Trust Fund can also be put toward administrative and operational costs of the Florida Flood Hub for Applied Research and Innovation and for other coastal resilience initiatives. The fund is set to expire on July 1, 2025.

Related Organizations: State of Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Rhode Island 2021 Act on Climate

April 10, 2021

On April 10, 2021, Rhode Island Governor Gina Raimondo signed the Rhode Island 2021 Act on Climate into law, amending the Resilient Rhode Island Act of 2014 by making mandatory greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions targets more enforceable, adding a goal of net-zero by 2050, and requiring actions to promote equity and environmental justice. The new law requires the state Climate Council — established by the 2014 bill — to develop and periodically update a plan to reach these goals. New language also requires the state Council’s plan to include an equitable transition, and address environmental injustices.

Related Organizations: State of Rhode Island

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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New Jersey Senate Bill (SB) 2607: Requiring land use plan element of municipal master plan to include climate change-related hazard vulnerability assessment

February 4, 2021

On February 4, 2021, New Jersey enacted Senate Bill (SB) 2607 amending the required components for municipal master plans in New Jersey to incorporate climate change risks and adaptation strategies. Specifically, the land use element of any master plan adopted after the bill’s passage must include a climate change and extreme weather vulnerability assessment as well as natural hazard mitigation strategies. 

Related Organizations: State of New Jersey

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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