Missing Pathways to 1.5°C - The Role of the Land Sector in Ambitious Climate Action

Prepared by representatives of the Climate Land Ambition and Rights Alliance, Missing Pathways addresses food security, protecting human rights through land rights, and preserving and restoring natural ecosystems from climate change impacts. Carbon sequestration solutions are identified that increase the biodiversity and resilience of terrestrial carbon stocks, by ending deforestation, and enhancing restoration, regeneration and transformative agricultural practices. It prioritizes securing the rights of Indigenous Peoples and frontline communities to land, and empowerment of these communities through resilient food systems, and healthy biodiverse ecosystems solutions.

This report demonstrates how substantial carbon sequestration could be achieved by conserving and enhancing natural sinks, while better land management and agricultural sectors could significantly lower their emissions. Securing collective land and forest rights for Indigenous Peoples and local communities also represents equitable pathways to climate mitigation.

Part 1: Strengthening Indigenous and Community Land Rights

In this section, solutions described are based on improving community land rights while extending indigenous management of degraded forests. Protecting forests while allowing for indigenous and community-based forest management to provide biodiversity, food security, and carbon sequestration benefits is an urgent first step in ending deforestation and restoring forests’ historical role as net forest ‘sink’.

Part 2: Restoring Forests and Other Ecosystems

The Alliance describes that: (a)voiding further loss and degradation of primary forests must be the first priority in combatting the climate and biodiversity crises, not only because it keeps emissions out of the atmosphere now, but because it maximizes ecosystem integrity and biodiversity protection and thus resilience in the face of climate change. Setting the goal of restoring half of the world’s forests, the report quantifies the carbon mitigation potential of doing so. Preventing ecosystem conversion in turn builds ecosystem resilience to climate change. Emission reduction potential and ecosystem services are detailed for primary forests, peatlands, and grasslands. 

Part 3: Transforming Agriculture

This report uses a holistic approach to agriculture production and consumption that enhances carbon sequestration through agroecology, as an alternative to industrial farming. Reduction of meat and dairy production and consumption is quantified in terms of reduced carbon emissions, while increased agro-biological diversity of cropping and livestock systems is promoted.


Publication Date: October 2018

Related Organizations:

  • Climate Land Ambition and Rights Alliance


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Resource Types:

  • Best practice

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