Samoa National Adaptation Program of Action: Local and Community Based Criteria
National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) were established by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to provide a process for Least Developed Countries to identify priority activities that respond to their immediate needs to adapt to climate change, ultimately leading to the implementation of projects aimed at reducing the economic and social costs of climate change.
The Samoa National Adaptation Programme of Action vision is to achieve a high level of community capacity for adaptation to adverse impacts of climate change. Samoa’s primary environmental impacts were examined within each highly vulnerable national sector, including the livelihoods of communities. These sectors have been developed into project profiles, which include issue statements and provide a summary of the profile’s objectives, activities, inputs, outputs and outcomes that have been set and agreed to by government, the private sector and most importantly the village communities, using nationally driven criteria.
Key adaptation needs and responses were screened by established baseline criteria, and subjected to a second order of criteria known as the ‘Local and Community-Based Criteria’ for prioritization. The final result led to the following five criteria being selected, which are described further in the linked report:
1. Livelihood and wellbeing. Safeguarding and protecting the livelihood and wellbeing of the communities.
2. Equity. This criteria examines issues such as gender equality, equal distribution of income related activities and projects within the communities; equal opportunities for all sectors, organizations and businesses; empowerment amongst the community, reducing risks and hazards associated with climate change and reducing ‘hardships’ in communities. Furthermore equity identifies preservation of natural and cultural heritages from the activities identified.
3. Integrated approach. This criterion assesses the integration of project-based activities amongst government ministries, organizations and communities to foster a collaborative effort to achieve sustainability in implementing adaptation activities to strengthen the adaptive capacities of the community, civil society and government.
4. Increase resilience to climate change and climate variability. This criterion examines the effort by the activities to enhance and build the resilience of communities, civil society and government to climate change and climate variability.
5. Cost-effectiveness and feasibility. This criterion assesses the extent to which the activities are cost-effective and realistic to produce, feasible and sustainable in the long term. This should reduce long-term costs without jeopardizing the economic benefits of the country.
The ‘Samoa Climate Change Synthesis Report: National Adaptation Programme of Action 2004’ describes the vulnerability of village communities to climate change with regard to dependence on the environment and natural resources for their survival and livelihood. This report explains that Samoa has experienced frequent floods from extreme rainfall events causing unreliable supply and poor quality of water that impact greatly on the health of the people. The occurrences of tropical cyclones, long period of droughts and flooding events have affected the source of income of most of the Samoan population. Coastal erosion, frequent storm surges and landslides, are causing social problems among families and communities. Food security is threatened by the destruction of plantations by flooding, cyclones, pests and diseases.
Publication Date: 2005
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
- Plans (other)