California Proposition 1 - Water Quality, Supply and Infrastructure Improvement Act of 2014, Water Bond
Proposition 1 - the Water Quality, Supply and Infrastructure Improvement Act of 2014 - is a $7.545 billion general obligation bond measure approved by California voters on Nov. 4, 2014 ballot. The measure will provide funding for needed investments as part of a statewide, comprehensive water plan for California. In part, the Act was passed to help the state address the drought and the impacts of climate change on water supplies and ecosystems.
Proposition 1 will directly fund state water supply infrastructure projects, such as public water system improvements, surface and groundwater storage, drinking water protection, water recycling and advanced water treatment technology, water supply management and conveyance, wastewater treatment, drought relief, emergency water supplies, and ecosystem and watershed protection and restoration.
Chapter 6,“Protecting Rivers, Lakes, Streams, Coastal Waters, and Watersheds,” Section 79732 (a) states that "In protecting and restoring California rivers, lakes, streams, and watersheds, the purposes of this chapter are to... Implement watershed adaptation projects in order to reduce the impacts of climate change on California’s communities and ecosystems."
Chapter 6 allocates $30 million to California's Ocean Protection Council (OPC) for a competitive grant program for multi-benefit ecosystem and watershed protection and restoration projects in accordance with statewide priorities, CWC §79730 and §79731(d). OPC intends to fund projects that meet Prop 1 criteria and fulfill of the mission of the OPC to ensure that California maintains healthy, resilient, and productive ocean and coastal ecosystems for the benefit of current and future generations.
Chapter 7, "Regional Water Security, Climate, and Drought Preparedness," allocates $810,000,000 for expenditures on, and competitive grants and loans to, projects that are included in and implemented in an adopted integrated regional water management plan, and respond to climate change and contribute to regional water security. In order to improve regional water self-reliance security and adapt to the effects on water supply arising out of climate change, the purposes of this chapter are to help water infrastructure systems adapt to climate change, including sea level rise.
Chapter 5, "Clean, Safe and Reliable Drinking Water" has a focus on providing disadvantaged communities with public drinking water infrastructure that provides clean, safe, and reliable drinking water supplies that the community can sustain over the long term. Of the funds authorized by Ch.5 Section 79720, $260,000,000 will be available for deposit in the State Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund Small Community Grant Fund created pursuant to Section 13477.6 for grants for wastewater treatment projects. Priority will be given to projects that serve disadvantaged communities and severely disadvantaged communities, and to projects that address public health hazards.
Legislation placing the Proposition 1 on the ballot was approved on a near unanimous, bipartisan vote by the Legislature and signed by Governor Jerry Brown on August 13, 2014. Prop 1 is the product of more than five years of discussions and negotiations among state lawmakers, stakeholders and others to craft a responsible bond measure to provide targeted funding for new surface and groundwater storage projects, regional water reliability, sustainable groundwater management and cleanup, water recycling, water conservation and safe drinking water.
Publication Date: November 14, 2014
- State of California
- Water infrastructure
- Water resources
- Agriculture and food
- Biodiversity and ecosystems
- Land use and built environment