Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas — Queens, New York: Resilient Edgemere Community Plan
After Hurricane Sandy, New York City (NYC) engaged in a community-driven planning process and implemented multiple voluntary relocation projects in the Edgemere neighborhood of Queens to reduce flood risks and move people out of harm’s way. In 2012, the low-lying urban neighborhood of Edgemere experienced severe wave action and storm surge from Hurricane Sandy. Widespread damage and regular tidal floods, coupled with longstanding public ownership of vacant land in the neighborhood, presented an opportunity to plan for a stronger, more resilient future.
The NYC Department of Housing Preservation and Development (HPD) launched the Resilient Edgemere Community Planning Initiative in October 2015 as a collaboration between city agencies, community members, elected officials, and local organizations. The Resilient Edgemere Community Plan lays out a long-term vision for achieving a more resilient neighborhood with improved housing, transportation access, and neighborhood amenities. The plan was created in parallel with Build It Back, a citywide housing recovery program funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. One of the 65 distinct projects included in the plan was a “land swap” pilot project to provide buyout and relocation assistance to residents within a “Hazard Mitigation Zone” (HMZ), an area of Edgemere at risk of destructive wave action during storms. Through the land swap pilot project, Edgemere residents within a HMZ were eligible to receive a newly built, elevated home on safer ground. In exchange, residents would transfer title of their damaged, original homes to the city. The damaged homes will be demolished and the lots maintained as open space, which the plan envisions will enhance Edgemere’s future flood resilience and may become part of passive recreational amenities in the future.
The plan is notable for being developed through an 18-month public engagement process that placed residents, who best understand their community, at the center of an open and transparent neighborhood planning process. Resilient Edgemere can provide an example of how local governments can transition affected residents away from vulnerable areas by helping people relocate nearby and simultaneously build community resilience and help to maintain community cohesion and local tax bases.
This case study is one of 17 case studies featured in a report written by the Georgetown Climate Center, Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas: Lessons and Tools from 17 Case Studies. Each case study tells a different story about how states, local governments, and communities across the country are approaching questions about managed retreat. Together, the case studies highlight how different types of legal and policy tools are being considered and implemented across a range of jurisdictions — from urban, suburban, and rural to riverine and coastal — to help support new and ongoing discussions on the subject. These case studies are intended to provide transferable lessons and potential management practices for coastal state and local policymakers evaluating managed retreat as one part of a strategy to adapt to climate change on the coast.
For additional case studies and more information about managed retreat, also see Georgetown Climate Center’s Managed Retreat Toolkit.
Publication Date: July 15, 2020
- Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas: Lessons and Tools from 17 Case Studies
- New York City Build it Back Program
- Managed Retreat Toolkit > Planning Tools > Plans
- Managed Retreat Toolkit > Acquisition Tools > Land Swaps
- Managed Retreat Toolkit > Crosscutting Policy Considerations > Social/Equity: Community Engagement and Equity
- Managed Retreat Toolkit > Crosscutting Policy Considerations > Social/Equity: Receiving Communities
- Best practice
- Case study
- Plans (other)
- Policy analysis/recommendations