State of Montana Executive Order 8-2019: Creating the Montana Climate Solutions Council and Joining the State of Montana to the U.S. Climate Alliance

On July 1, 2019, Montana Governor Steve Bullock signed Executive Order 8-2019, establishing the Montana Climate Solutions Council and committing the state to the U.S. Climate Alliance. The Executive Order directs the Council to work with state agencies to incorporate climate adaptation and resilience strategies into state plans and operations, and to put forth recommendations for reducing the Montana’s contributions to greenhouse gas emissions. Notably, the EO requires that future state planning efforts include adaptation strategies and considerations for better preparing the state for climate-related risks and disasters, and that, where necessary, agencies prepare a Supplemental Climate Plan on adaptation and resilience for current and future state plans.

The EO mobilizes state agencies to integrate climate action into state operations. This includes developing initiatives and goals that make state operations more efficient and sustainable and prepare agencies and state assets for climate impacts and risks. State agencies are directed to develop "quantifiable goals that can be implemented now, with measurable progress made by June 30, 2020." The Council is instructed to work with agencies to incorporate climate considerations into their future planning efforts, including developing Supplemental Climate Plans where necessary. These Supplemental Climate Plans should include “prudent and cost-effective adaptation strategies,” and identify community, economic, and funding needs regarding climate resilience, and strategies for incentivizing preparedness as a part of disaster relief, including landscape and watershed-scale planning. 

The Council also is directed to collaborate with the Montana University System to advance and apply research on climate impacts facing Montana's economy, as well as on identifying opportunities for the state to support, utilize, and incorporate the best available science on climate impacts, green technology development, economic development, and more.  It also highlights the importance of working with the academic community to use the best available science to develop tools, analysis, and information to help farmers, state agencies, and communities better prepare for climate impacts.

Executive Order 8-2019 recognizes the threats of climate impacts on Montana’s public health, natural resources, economy, agricultural sector, recreation and tourism, and communities, including Tribal Nations and vulnerable communities. It cites the U.S. National Climate Assessment and the 2017 Montana Climate Assessment to underline the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build resilience for communities.


Publication Date: July 1, 2019

Related Organizations:

  • State of Montana

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  • Executive order

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