USACE Kivalina, Alaska Relocation Master Plan

The purpose of this report in 2006 was to provide residents and stakeholders with the information necessary to make an informed decision regarding the best solution for the community of Kivalina facing the impacts of sea-level rise. This master plan from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) provides preliminary facility designs, costs, schedule, and a decision matrix for the community of Kivalina and its relocation stakeholders. The current state of the community is discussed in detail including the physical setting of the planning area, descriptions of 'living resources' such as endangered species and habitats, as well as the culture, history and demography of the community. Adaptive measures are detailed for specific areas within Kivalina. 

The village of Kivalina, Alaska, a barrier island off the Chukchi Sea 80 miles north of the Arctic Circle, has been threatened by erosion caused by wave action and sea storms for several decades. Increases in the frequency and intensity of sea storms, degradation and melting of permafrost, and accelerated erosion of the shoreline have recently forced the village into a state of emergency. Sea storms have eroded the shoreline out from underneath several structures and threaten the airstrip. Emergency erosion-control measures are in place, but will only slow the sea’s inevitable inundation of the island. The community must relocate to survive, but faces disagreements about the best relocation site and how to fund the move. 


Please see the related resources in this database for more information about Kivalina, including 'Climate Change in Kivalina, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health', and the non-profit dedicated to Kivalina - ReLocate.


Publication Date: June 2006

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