Miami, Florida Resilient 305 Strategy
This climate resilience plan was created collaboratively by Greater Miami and the Beaches (GM&B) - a unique partnership between Miami-Dade County, the City of Miami, and the City of Miami Beach. The unified adaptation strategy integrates climate change planning and preparedness for the low-lying coastal communities in southeast Florida (which share area code 305). The Resilient305 Strategy offers 59 action items that will help municipalities to better prepare for and respond to increasing occurrences of hurricanes, sunny day flooding, and sea level rise, as well as social and economic inequities. As part of the 100 Resilient Cities Network, GM&B’s Resilient305 Strategy can help inform adaptation planning in cities and communities around the world.
The Strategy is organized by three overarching goals and specific objectives related to Places, People, and Pathways. Each of the 59 actions identified includes performance metrics, current collaborators, and funding or funding options associated with the action.
This resource was featured in the June 20, 2019 ASAP Newsletter.
ASAP wrote: "This past month in Southeast Florida, Miami-Dade County, an ASAP organizational member, alongside the City of Miami and the City of Miami Beach released their Resilient305 Strategy. The Resilient305 Strategy will act as a guide for the Greater Miami area and the Beaches’ climate resilience challenges, touching on topics from rising sea levels to public health and affordable housing. This multilateral plan was created over the course of three years by the County and two cities, and brought together the public and private sectors, to address the shocks and stresses of the region. The Resilient305 Strategy includes 59 actions and offers 28 cases studies. A sample of actions, some of which are already underway, include a task force for preserving and protecting Biscayne Bay, designing a more efficient bus route, and reorganizing governmental budgets around financing a resilient future."
The “Places” goal area addresses place-based challenges by:
- Enhancing climate resilience through design and planning
- Creating, connecting, and improving mobility and housing options
- Safeguarding ecosystems
Examples of the climate adaptation actions from across domains, some of which are already underway, include:
- Preserve and restore Biscayne Bay to improve water quality and restore coastal ecology
- Expand nature-based infrastructure to reduce sea level rise and coastal flooding impacts
- Integrate resilience into parks and open spaces (including restoring living shorelines, planting trees, green stormwater infrastructure, etc.)
- Increase community response to natural disasters through expanding recruitment to the Community Emergency Response Team and United Ways volunteers;
- Develop a K-12 plan for resilience literacy
- Pre-plan for disaster recovery, including emergency and government response as well as post-disaster financial recovery
The Resilient305 Strategy aims to build a strong network of community resilience focused on addressing equity gaps and elevating vulnerable populations.
The Strategy identifies various adaptation actions focused on equity such as redeveloping resilient public housing that respects strict tenant rights; age-friendly initiatives that include elderly considerations into resilience planning in various domains such as housing, outdoor spaces, community support and health services; and re-establishing the Financial Capability Collaborative to seek innovative solutions to help build financial stability and resilience to personal or natural disasters for low- to moderate-income individuals and families.
To support hurricane resilience and slow coastal erosion, GM&B municipalities are working with U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) on a $3 million beach management and nourishment feasibility study. The study will look at domestic and non-domestic sand sources, and structural and non-structural solutions to help stabilize coastal beaches. USACE has allocated $158 million for beach nourishment for project construction over the next 5 years.
GM&B partners are collaborating with The Nature Conservancy to develop nature-based coastal resilience projects for sea level rise and coastal flooding protection. As described in the report, they have prioritized these projects to highlight primary environmental typologies in the region:
1) The South Dade Wetlands Project, supporting Everglades restoration
2) the Indian Creek Living Shoreline Project, representing urban area wetlands habitat
3) the Arch Creek Drainage Basin Project, representing urban area uplands habitat
4) the Julia Tuttle Causeway Shoreline Enhancement Project, representing Biscayne Bay habitat
Implementation of the Strategy’s actions will be guided by a team of resilience officers called PIVOT (Progress, Innovation, and Vision for Our Tomorrow) that will work collaboratively and communicate on implementation actions, strategies, and progress among individual jurisdictions with the Greater Miami and the Beaches area.
Publication Date: July 2019
- City of Miami Beach, Florida
- Miami-Dade County, Florida
- Adaptation plan