Virginia Coastal Needs Assessment and Strategies: FY 2011-2015

The FY 2011-2015 Virginia Coastal Needs and Strategies report (for projects conducted between October 1, 2011 - September 30, 2016) was a product of Virginia's Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Coastal Zone Management (CZM) program. The Assessment was reviewed and approved in April 2011 by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA's) Ocean and Coastal Resource Management program. 

This report presents a 2010 Assessment which evaluated changes, progress, needs and emerging issues in public access, coastal hazards, ocean resources, wetlands, marine debris, cumulative and secondary impacts of growth and development (CSI), special area management planning (SAMP), energy and government facility siting and aquaculture. The Coastal Zone Management Program is focused on three issues over five years including the CSI, SAMPs, and ocean resources. Strategies have been developed under each of these issue areas and are to be implemented between October 2011 and September 2016. The analysis and strategy preparation was completed using the NOAA's final Section 309 Guidance (February, 2009).

Section 309 of the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) is known as the Coastal Zone Enhancement Program. Section 309 is a voluntary grant program in which federal funds are made available to coastal states with federally approved coastal management programs. To receive funds, the programs must assess nine specified areas of coastal zone management as they relate to the state and identify which are of highest priority.

Climate change is addressed in many areas of the report. The Wetlands assessment describes a project that will collect existing and acquire new high resolution LIDAR data for all of the area estimated likely to be impacted by rising sea levels as identified in the final report of the Governor's Commission on Climate Change. The 'Coastal Hazards' section reviews sea-level rise and other climate change impacts as well as existing adaptation studies, and the 'Ocean Resources' assessment details climate change impacts on various marine species. 'Energy and Government Facility Siting' identifies sea level rise as a high priority threat that must be factored in decision making.




Publication Date: April 2011

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  • Assessment

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