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Killer Heat in the United States

July 2019

The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) has evaluated how climate change will contribute to increasing incidence of dangerous high heat days across the U. S. This includes an analysis of the growing number of high heat days across various regions of the country, described under three climate change scenarios. The report also details the public health consequences of extreme heat and the populations that are particularly vulnerable to these threats. Policy recommendations are offered with adaptation measures that can be implemented at all levels of government to address rising temperatures.

Related Organizations: Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kristina Dahl, Erika Spanger-Siegfried, Rachel Licker, Astrid Caldas, John Abatzoglou, Nicholas Mailloux, Rachel Cleetus, Shana Udvardy, Juan Declet-Barreto, Pamela Worth

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Health Equity Report for the District of Columbia 2018

February 8, 2019

The Health Equity Report for the District of Columbia 2018 from DC Health takes a comprehensive look at social and structural determinants of health in Washington D.C. and presents the extent of health disparities aligning with differences in income, race, and geography. The report recognizes that climate change poses long-term risks to human health, disproportionately impacting the most vulnerable, and that climate adaptation is critical to reduce negative impacts on all people.

Related Organizations: District of Columbia Department of Health (DC Health)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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California Heat Assessment Tool (CHAT)

2019

The California Heat Assessment Tool (CHAT) was developed to help state and local public health officials understand how heat vulnerability will change with increasing temperatures due to climate change. The tool helps users identify heat vulnerable areas based upon changes in high heat days under different climate scenarios and social, health and environmental vulnerability factors. The study defines "Heat Health Events" (HHEs) as heat events that cause negative public health impacts - and the study found that vulnerable groups may be more sensitive to high-heat days by as much as 6 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit as compared to the general population.

Related Organizations: Four Twenty Seven, California Natural Resources Agency

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Rigorously Valuing the Role of U.S. Coral Reefs in Coastal Hazard Risk Reduction

2019

This report issued by the U. S. Geological Survey and the U. S. Department of the Interior quantifies the value of U. S. coral reefs in protecting people and infrastructure from coastal hazards that will be exacerbated by climate change and sea-level rise including extreme weather events, flooding, and erosion. The report is intended to inform stakeholders and decision-makers of the value of coral reefs in reducing risk from coastal hazards, and to provide quantitative data that can be used to consider the role coral reefs should play in adaptation and risk mitigation planning.

Related Organizations: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Curt Storlazzi, Borja Reguero, Aaron Cole, Erik Lowe, James Shope, Ann Gibbs, Barry Nickel, Robert McCall, Ap R. van Dongeren, Michael Beck

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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4th National Climate Assessment, Volume II: Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States

November 23, 2018

On November 23, 2018, the U. S. Global Change Research Program released Volume II of the Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) entitled Impacts, Risks and Adaptation in the United States. NCA4 includes sixteen chapters focusing on national topics and specific sectors, nine chapters focusing on different regions of the country, and two chapters focusing on both mitigation (reducing greenhouse gas emissions) and adaptation responses to climate change. NCA4 concludes that: “ [o]bservations collected around the world provide significant, clear, and compelling evidence that global average temperature is much higher, and is rising more rapidly, than anything modern civilization has experienced, with widespread and growing impacts.

Related Organizations: U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Triangle Regional Resilience Partnership Resilience Assessment

November 2018

The Triangle Regional Resiliency Partnership (TRRP) is a joint project of municipalities and counties in the “Triangle Region” of North Carolina including the Town of Cary, Town of Chapel Hill, City of Durham, City of Raleigh, Durham County, and Orange County. The first project of the Partnership was a resiliency assessment of the area’s assets and risks - in partnership with the University of North Carolina Asheville’s National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC) and the Triangle J Council of Governments.

Related Organizations: Triangle Regional Resiliency Partnership, UNC Asheville's National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Karin Rogers, Nina Hall

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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ND-GAIN Urban Adaptation Assessment

October 2018

The Urban Adaptation Assessment (UAA) is an interactive database within a visual platform to support city leaders in decisionmaking related to climate adaptation and resilience.   The tool utilizes data from over 270 cities within the United States, including all 50 states and Puerto Rico, whose populations are above 100,000. The UAA is free, open source data - in a user friendly tool to help prioritize climate strategies and mechanisms for sustained urban climate resilience.  For each city, indicators of climate vulnerabilities in the built environment, and indicators of social vulnerability are established and mapped at a sub-city or census tract level.

Related Organizations: Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C - Summary for Policymakers

October 8, 2018

The Paris Agreement adopted by 195 nations at the 21st UN Conference of the Parties (COP21) in 2015 responds to climate change by “holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1. 5°C above pre-industrial levels. ” In turn, the UNFCCC invited the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to provide this Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1. 5°C above pre-industrial levels.

Related Organizations: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Mid-Atlantic Forest Ecosystem Vulnerability Assessment and Synthesis: A Report from the Mid-Atlantic Climate Change Response Framework Project

October 2018

This U. S. Forest Service report develop provides an assessment of the vulnerability of forest ecosystems in the Mid-Atlantic region and was designed to help resource managers incorporate climate change considerations into management practices. The report synthesizes the best available scientific information on climate change and forest ecosystems, focusing on a study area including 60 million acres of land across eastern Maryland, southern New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Of this area, about 32 million acres are forested.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), USFS Northern Research Station

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment

August 27, 2018

California’s statewide assessment of climate change impacts utilizes updated climate science to investigate vulnerability at the local scale and inform adaptation and resilience planning. The fourth climate change assessment includes 44 technical reports on projected impacts to specific sectors and potential responses, 30 summary reports, 9 regional reports, and 3 statewide topical reports on oceans and coasts, tribal and indigenous communities, and environmental justice impacts of climate change.

Related Organizations: State of California, California Natural Resources Agency, California Energy Commission, California Governor’s Office of Planning and Research (OPR)

Author or Affiliated User: Jennifer Phillips

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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