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Great 2006 Heat Wave Over California and Nevada: Signal of an Increasing Trend

December 1, 2009

The July 2006 western heat wave is studied in the context of the region's climate over the past six decades. The study explores the possible connections between a heat wave trend and global warming and details the increased human health and ecosystems risks of night time extreme heat events. The authors describe the climatic behavior and regional causes of great heat waves over California and Nevada, and use this foundation to investigate whether and to what extent the 2006 event may be considered an aberration or a manifestation of a long term climatic change.

Related Organizations: California-Nevada Applications Program (CNAP) - RISA, Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Authors or Affiliated Users: Alexander Gershunov, Danial R. Cayan, Sam F. Iacobellis

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Socioeconomic indicators of heat-related health risk supplemented with remotely sensed data

October 16, 2009

This study evaluates a potential method for determining localized risk from extreme heat events (EHEs) in urban environments by integrating socio-demographic risk factors with estimates of land surface temperature.  Methods that provide more spatially specific information may better inform planning and intervention in areas where increased prevalence of heat-related illness and EHEs are likely to occur.

Related Organizations: International Journal of Health Geographics

Authors or Affiliated Users: Daniel P. Johnson, Jeffrey S. Wilson, George C. Luber

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Adapting to Climate Change: Public Health

June 2009

This issue brief shares results from a climate adaptation research project conducted by Resources for the Future (RFF). The report describes the projected health consequences of climate change impacts, and offers strategies to mitigate some of these adverse effects on public health. 

Related Organizations: Resources for the Future (RFF)

Author or Affiliated User: Jonathan M. Samet

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Can Improve New York City’s Environment: Research on the Impacts of Mitigation Strategies

October 2008

Green “living” roofs and “cool” highly reflective roofs are building technologies that may offer solutions to mitigate the problems of the urban heat island effect.   Focusing on why these particular techniques may be incorporated into strategies for urban heat island mitigation, this paper reviews research assessing their environmental impacts, and discusses the effects of these "smart" rooftops on ambient air temperatures, energy use, and air quality.

Related Organizations: Sustainable South Bronx

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joyce Klein Rosenthal, Rob Crauderuff, Majora Carter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Heat is On: Climate Change and Heatwaves in the Midwest

December 2007

This paper from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change) reviews the projected intensity and frequency of heat waves in the Midwestern United States for the 21st century, potential public health ramifications and related adaptation options. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines the impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U.

Related Organizations: National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), The Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kris Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Excessive Heat Events Guidebook

June 2006

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency produced the Excessive Heat Events Guidebook, with assistance from federal, state and local government and academic partners, to help community officials, emergency managers, meteorologists, and others plan for and respond to excessive heat events (EHE). It highlights best practices that have been employed to save lives during excessive heat events in different urban areas and provides a menu of options that officials can use to respond to these events in their communities.

Related Organizations: U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), National Weather Service, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Resource Category: Planning

 

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The Urban Heat Island, Photochemical Smog, and Chicago: Local Features of the Problem and Solution

1999

This project identifies the effect that surface modifications have on the urban heat island phenomenon and related ozone problems in the metropolitan area of Chicago, Illinois.

Related Organizations: Northwestern University, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kimberly A. Gray, Mary E. Finster

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Heat Island Effect Portal

This website provides information on the heat island effect, its impacts, and the strategies that communities can take to reduce urban temperatures. Look under the "Where You Live" section to see specific strategies and initiatives implemented by states and localities. Strategies fall into four primary categories: cool roofs, cool pavement, green roofs, and urban landscaping. Initiatives are specific policy mechanisms, such as building codes, comprehensive plans, demonstration projects, incentives, landscape ordinances, state implementation plans, and zoning codes.

Related Organizations: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Resource Category: Adaptation Websites

 

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Heat Related Illness Prevention (Training)

The goal of this web-based training course is to reinforce awareness of heat-related illness in order to promote the development and implementation of school guidelines, including an emergency plan by coaches, athletic trainers, students, school nurses, parents and teachers.   After completing the course, users should be able to: define heat-related illness; identify the three main types of heat-related illness; identify the symptoms, or warning signs, for each type of heat-related illness; describe treatment options for each type of heat-related illness, including return-to-play considerations; and describe steps to prevent heat-related illness.

Related Organizations: Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Resource Category: Education and Outreach

 

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