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NYC Cool Roofs Initiative (New York City, NY)

2014

The NYC °CoolRoofs initiative encourages building owners in New York City to cool their rooftops by applying a reflective white coating that reduces energy use, cooling costs and carbon emissions. The program not only combats the urban heat island effect, it supports New York City's goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2030, as outlined in PlaNYC - the City's comprehensive sustainability plan. 

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Assessing the Health Impacts of Urban Heat Island Reduction Strategies in the Cities of Baltimore, Los Angeles, and New York

2014

The research summarized in this report quantifies the impact that typical urban heat island mitigation strategies - such as reflective roofs, cool pavements, and vegetation - have on ambient conditions and mortality during extreme heat events. The study estimated reductions in heat-related mortality in three cities: Baltimore, Maryland; Los Angeles, California; and New York, New York. The findings of this paper can help urban planners and city officials looking to further quantify the health and life-saving benefits of reducing summer urban heat islands (UHI) with cool surfaces and increased vegetation strategies.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Jennifer Vanos, Laurence Kalkstein, David Sailor, Kurt Shickman, Scott Sheridan

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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EPA Reducing Urban Heat Islands: Compendium of Strategies

2008, 2014

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency compendium describes the causes and impacts of urban heat islands, and details green infrastructure strategies and other activities for reducing heat islands. Six reports present the multiple benefits that a community can achieve from implementing heat island reduction strategies. Voluntary and policy efforts undertaken by state and local governments to mitigate urban heat islands are also described.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Federal Funding Compendium for Urban Heat Adaptation

December 2013

From the Georgetown Climate Center, this compendium collects and analyzes federal programs with potential to pay for state and local government adaptation to urban heat islands.  This report analyzes federal funding programs providing funding for economic development, energy, environmental protection, public health and transportation to determine whether these purposes can be used to implement measures to reduce the the urban heat island effect in cities.  For each program, the report includes information on who can apply for the funds, what activities the funds can be used to fund, amount of money in the program and average size of grant, as well as potential for use in adaptation.

Author or Affiliated User: Sara Hoverter

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Extreme Heat Adaptation Final Guidance Document – Transportation Recommendations

October 2013

California’s Climate Action Team (CAT) developed the guidance document, Preparing California for Extreme Heat: Guidance and Recommendations, to provide California agencies with best practices for adapting to heat-related climate change impacts. Several of the recommendations focus on adaptations to the transportation sector and make recommendations for actions that can be taken by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to increase heat resilience. Transportation improvements, such as road pavement and the removal of vegetation, can contribute to higher temperatures in urban areas resulting in what are often referred to as urban heat islands.

Author or Affiliated User: Michael McCormick

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Chicago’s Building Energy Programs

September 2013

The City of Chicago adapted energy efficiency policies for both commercial and residential buildings to support both its mitigation and adaptation goals. Waste heat from energy consumption has been estimated to account for about one-third of the urban heat island effect, in some US cities, and energy efficiency policies can be an effective strategy and mitigating these effects. [ref title=""]Dr. Brian Stone, Louisville Urban Heat Management Study, Urban Climate Lab of the Georgia Institute of Technology (April 2016).

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Chicago's Energy Benchmarking Ordinance

September 2013

The City of Chicago adopted energy efficiency policies for both commercial and residential buildings to help reduce waste energy from residential and commercial buildings, which accounts for about one-third of the urban heat island effect, in some US cities. [ref title=""]Dr. Brian Stone, Louisville Urban Heat Management Study, Urban Climate Lab of the Georgia Institute of Technology (April 2016). [/ref] This ordinance in combination with the city's energy conservation code and utility cost disclosure ordinance seek to enhance energy efficiency in the city's building stock and reduce waste heat from buildings.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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City of Chicago Utility Cost Disclosure Ordinance

March 13, 2013

The City of Chicago adopted energy efficiency policies for both commercial and residential buildings to help reduce waste energy from residential and commercial buildings, which accounts for about one-third of the urban heat island effect, in some US cities. This ordinance in combination with the city's energy conservation code and energy benchmarking ordinance seek to enhance energy efficiency in the city's building stock and reduce waste heat from buildings.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Climate and Health - Understanding the Risk: An Assessment of San Francisco’s Vulnerability to Extreme Heat Events

2013

The San Francisco Department of Public Health was awarded funding by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to conduct an environmental health assessment of vulnerability to heat waves and air quality. This report provides an overview of the health department’s study of heat distribution, and predictions of neighborhoods that are especially vulnerable to extreme heat in San Francisco, California. The assessment will inform climate change adaptation planning efforts including a heat wave disaster response plan.

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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State of California Extreme Heat Adaptation Interim Guidance Document

August 31, 2012

This document presents a brief overview of current climate projections for increased temperature and extreme heat conditions for California, and addresses the human health impacts of increasing temperature in the state. In particular, it focuses on climate model projections of longer and more frequent extreme heat events. The report details the content of these projections for California, including an explanation of the urban heat island effect.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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