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Adapting to Urban Heat: A Tool Kit for Local Governments

August 2012

This tool kit is designed to help local governments reduce the effects of increased heat on their communities and citizens. It provides an analytic tool for policy makers to consider a combination of four built-environment changes (cool roofs, green roofs, cool pavements, and urban forestry), providing clear criteria for selecting among these approaches. 

Author or Affiliated User: Sara Hoverter

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Minnesota Extreme Heat Toolkit

June 6, 2012

The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH)’s Extreme Heat Toolkit offers information, tools, and resources to local governments and public health professionals about preparing for and responding to extreme heat events.  The toolkit focuses on Minnesota examples and processes and describes practical, implementable steps and strategies to prevent morbidity and mortality from extreme heat at the local level. The toolkit also provides several appendices, including a generic heat response plan that can be tailored to meet the needs of a specific location.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Heat is On: U.S. Temperature Trends

June 2012

This report from Climate Central presents a state-by-state analysis of warming over the past 100 years and shows where it warmed the most and where it warmed the least. The report is timely, as the first five months of 2012 were the warmest on record in the U.S, and the 12 month period ending May 2012 was the warmest 12 month period on record in the country. 

Authors or Affiliated Users: Claudia Tebaldi, Dennis Adams-Smith, Nicole Heller

Resource Category: Data and tools

 

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Urban Greening Strategy Report for the City of Bowie, Maryland

November 2011

The City of Bowie, Maryland assessed how it could enhance its urban tree canopy to improve environmental outcomes and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The report describes the current conditions of the City's tree canopy, and the ecosystem service benefits provided by the existing urban forest. Strategies are identified that Bowie could implement to enhance and preserve the urban tree canopy - to maximize these ecosystem services and climate adaptation.

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Great 2006 Heat Wave Over California and Nevada: Signal of an Increasing Trend

December 1, 2009

The July 2006 western heat wave is studied in the context of the region's climate over the past six decades. The study explores the possible connections between a heat wave trend and global warming and details the increased human health and ecosystems risks of night time extreme heat events. The authors describe the climatic behavior and regional causes of great heat waves over California and Nevada, and use this foundation to investigate whether and to what extent the 2006 event may be considered an aberration or a manifestation of a long term climatic change.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Alexander Gershunov, Danial R. Cayan, Sam F. Iacobellis

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Socioeconomic indicators of heat-related health risk supplemented with remotely sensed data

October 16, 2009

This study evaluates a potential method for determining localized risk from extreme heat events (EHEs) in urban environments by integrating socio-demographic risk factors with estimates of land surface temperature.  Methods that provide more spatially specific information may better inform planning and intervention in areas where increased prevalence of heat-related illness and EHEs are likely to occur.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Daniel P. Johnson, Jeffrey S. Wilson, George C. Luber

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Adapting to Climate Change: Public Health

June 2009

This issue brief shares results from a climate adaptation research project conducted by Resources for the Future (RFF). The report describes the projected health consequences of climate change impacts, and offers strategies to mitigate some of these adverse effects on public health. 

Author or Affiliated User: Jonathan M. Samet

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Can Improve New York City’s Environment: Research on the Impacts of Mitigation Strategies

October 2008

Green “living” roofs and “cool” highly reflective roofs are building technologies that may offer solutions to mitigate the problems of the urban heat island effect.   Focusing on why these particular techniques may be incorporated into strategies for urban heat island mitigation, this paper reviews research assessing their environmental impacts, and discusses the effects of these "smart" rooftops on ambient air temperatures, energy use, and air quality.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Joyce Klein Rosenthal, Rob Crauderuff, Majora Carter

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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The Heat is On: Climate Change and Heatwaves in the Midwest

December 2007

This paper from the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (formerly the Pew Center on Global Climate Change) reviews the projected intensity and frequency of heat waves in the Midwestern United States for the 21st century, potential public health ramifications and related adaptation options. It is one of four case studies in an overall report, "Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Four Case Studies in the United States," that examines the impacts of particular interest to different regions of the U.

Authors or Affiliated Users: Kris Ebi, Gerald A. Meehl

Resource Category: Assessments

 

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Excessive Heat Events Guidebook

June 2006

The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency produced the Excessive Heat Events Guidebook, with assistance from federal, state and local government and academic partners, to help community officials, emergency managers, meteorologists, and others plan for and respond to excessive heat events (EHE). It highlights best practices that have been employed to save lives during excessive heat events in different urban areas and provides a menu of options that officials can use to respond to these events in their communities.

Resource Category: Planning

 

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