City of Berkeley CA's 2014 Local Hazard Mitigation Plan
The 2014 Local Hazard Mitigation Plan updates Berkeley California's 2004 Disaster Mitigation Act, providing information on initiatives already underway to increase disaster resilience as well as outlining new risk assessments and policies. This update incorporates climate change into the plan, framing it as both a standalone hazard of concern, as well as an exacerbating factor in other hazards.
The plan analyzes natural and manmade risks to the city including fires, landslides, floods, earthquake, hazardous materials, and terrorism. For each hazard, the document describes the risks, the geographic area exposed to the hazard, vulnerabilities in the exposed area, the potential for cascading hazards, and the probable damage.
In section 3.8, the document presents climate change as a hazard, specifically acknowledging the impacts of drought, sea level rise, flooding, extreme heat events, and spread of disease. The report also describes how climate impacts may influence other hazards. For example, sea-level rise may cause the groundwater table to rise, increasing the area prone to liquefaction during an earthquake.
The plan presents its hazard mitigation strategy (section 2), which focuses on increasing resilience of City-owned structures, encouraging increased resilience of private properties, and promoting collective public mitigation actions. This document provides information on initiatives already underway and outlines any changes Berkeley is making to these strategies. Strategy objectives include reducing potential human and economic losses, increasing capacity of local government to function during and after hazard events, protecting City character and values, and increasing disaster resilience through mitigation activities.
The plan lists each strategy action (including climate adaptation activities) along with the corresponding hazards the strategy addresses, the main objectives of the strategy, other related policies, the lead organization and staff who will be in charge of implementation, and its priority level, timeline, required resources, and potential sources of funding.
The plan identifies methods of implementation, as well as outlines the process for progress reporting and plan updating. Section 4 of the document discusses the regulatory authorities, policies, programs, and funding structures that support Berkeley’s mitigation programs and resources, such as the City’s Fire Department and Public Works Department. The final section discusses the recent trends in development and population composition and its effect on hazard vulnerability.
The planning document integrates climate considerations in several sections throughout, including making several links to the city’s 2009 Climate Action Plan.
Publication Date: June 1, 2014
- City of Berkeley, California
- Plans (other)