• Coastal Resources

Coastal Sector Laws and Regulations

This tab includes laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to the coastal sector.  

Resources are automatically presented by rating, but can be sorted by date or title. Apply additional filters to narrow by law type, state, region, impact, or jurisdictional focus. 

 

 

123 results are shown below.

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Type of Law

 

 

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Maryland Executive Order 01.01.2007.07

April 20, 2007

Signed in 2007 by Governor O'Malley, this Executive Order established a Climate Change Commission to advise the Governor on matters related to climate change, and tasked the Commission to develop a climate change "Plan of Action" to prepare for climate impacts on Maryland. The Order creates an Adaptation and Response Working Group to develop a Comprehensive Strategy for Reducing Maryland's Climate Change Vulnerability, to include recommended strategies for reducing the vulnerability of the State's coastal, natural and cultural resources and communities to the impacts of climate change, with an initial focus on sea level rise and coastal hazards (e.

Related Organizations: State of Maryland

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Executive Order S-03-05 - Global warming impacts

June 1, 2005

On June 1, 2005, Governor Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order S-03-05, requiring the Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to report to the Governor and the state legislature by January 2006, and every two years afterwards, on the impacts of global warming to California.

Related Organizations: California Office of the Governor

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maryland HB 1350/ SB 1006 - Sea Level Rise Inundation and Coastal Flooding - Construction, Adaptation, and Mitigation

April 5, 2018

Effective July 1, 2018, Maryland will expand and strengthen its "Coast Smart" siting and design criteria to better manage sea level rise and improve coastal adaptation efforts. The legislation also requires the state to establish a plan to adapt to saltwater intrusion, and to build criteria for hazard mitigation funding for sea level rise and coastal flooding. Additionally, by July 1, 2019, local jurisdictions that experience nuisance flooding must submit a plan to address this climate impact.

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Maryland Department of the Environment, Maryland Department of Planning, State of Maryland, Maryland Department of Agriculture, Maryland Emergency Management Agency

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Proposition 68 - Parks, Environment, and Water Bond

June 5, 2018

Proposition 68 is a $4 billion bond measure to protect California’s water, parks, and natural resources, while bolstering climate adaptation, resilience, and social equity statewide. This proposition allows the state to sell General Obligation bonds for various natural resources-related programs - including $443 million to be allocated for climate adaptation and resiliency projects throughout the state.  California Senate Bill 5 (De León), “California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access for All Act of 2018” put this bond measure on the June 5, 2018 ballot.

Related Organizations: State of California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Foster City, California Measure P - Sea level rise abatement bond

June 5, 2018

Measure P is a $90 million bond measure approved by Foster City, San Francisco Bay area of California in June 2018, that will fund structural projects to reduce flood risks from sea level rise. Residential, office and commercial property owners will see an annual tax rate increase of approximately $40 per $100,000 of assessed property value.    

Related Organizations: Foster City, California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Virginia S 265: Special Assistant to the Governor for Coastal Adaptation and Protection

June 22, 2018

On June 22, 2018, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam signed Senate Bill 265 creating a new cabinet-level position to address coastal adaptation and protection in Virginia. The bill states that the Special Assistant to the governor will be responsible for leading statewide efforts in response to coastal flooding; working to initiate economic development opportunities associated with adaptation; and fostering coordination throughout the Commonwealth, especially in Hampton Roads, a coastal region of the state that is most vulnerable to sea level rise and land subsidence.

Related Organizations: State of Virginia

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Norfolk Special Service District Policy for Flood Protection

June 11, 2019

In June 2019, the Norfolk City Council adopted a policy authorizing the creation of Special Service Districts (SSD) to support implementation of local flood risk reduction and water quality improvement projects in the City of Norfolk, Virginia. SSDs enable a group of residents to agree to pay a tax to finance additional services in a particular neighborhood. The Norfolk policy allows SSD funding to be used to pay for flood mitigation, dredging, water quality improvements, and coastal protection projects.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Mexico Beach, Florida - Floodplain Ordinance 712

February 5, 2019

Mexico Beach is on the Gulf of Mexico in Bay County, Florida and faces climate enhanced hurricanes, coastal storm surge, sea level rise and flooding impacts. In October 2018, Hurricane Michael, a Category 4 storm, made landfall in Mexico Beach demolishing 70% of the town’s homes. The coastal community has amended the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) flood zones maps to reflect storm surge flood levels and high risk floodplain areas as implicated by Hurricane Michael flooding.  An ordinance has been adopted in which new construction in Mexico Beach must be elevated at least a foot and a half higher than FEMA's base-level flood predictions in both the region’s 100-year and 500-year floodplains.

Related Organizations: City of Mexico Beach, Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Connecticut SB 7: An Act Concerning Climate Change Planning and Resiliency (Public Act 18-82)

June 6, 2018

SB 7 supports both climate change mitigation and adaptation measures for Connecticut, with directives that will help to prepare the state for climate impacts, primarily sea level rise. Connecticut’s statutory references to sea level rise will now reflect the Connecticut Institute for Resilience and Climate Adaptation’s (CIRCA) planning recommendation of nearly two feet by 2050. The legislation requires all state or federally-funded coastal infrastructure projects to take this new sea level rise projection into account when being planned and developed.

Related Organizations: State of Connecticut

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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CA EO B-54-18: Safeguarding California plants, wildlife and ecosystems from climate change

September 7, 2018

California Governor Brown’s Executive Order (EO) directs the state Department of Food and Agriculture and Department of Fish and Wildlife to work together to protect ecosystems, plants and wildlife while restoring and building climate resilience in habitats across the state. The order also supports the state's new California Biodiversity Initiative, an action plan to protecting the state's ecosystems and diversity of wildlife and plants. The Executive Order and Initiative will improve understanding of the state’s biological diversity, and identify and implement strategies to protect the state’s biodiversity from climate change.

Related Organizations: State of California, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, California Department of Food and Agriculture

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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