• Coastal Resources

Coastal Sector Laws and Regulations

This tab includes laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to the coastal sector.  

Resources are automatically presented by rating, but can be sorted by date or title. Apply additional filters to narrow by law type, state, region, impact, or jurisdictional focus. 

 

 

123 results are shown below.

Law Type
Type of Law

 

 

Resource

Boston Redevelopment Authority Climate Change Preparedness and Resiliency Guidelines, Checklist

November 2013, updated October 2017

In November 2013, the Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA) adopted new guidelines to address climate change impacts on development projects. The Climate Change Preparedness and Resiliency Guidelines are an addition to Article 80 of the Boston Zoning Code requiring a checklist to be completed and approved before the BRA authorizes Final Design Approval and/or Article 80 documents. Article 80 applies to "large projects" (affecting greater than 50,000 square feet) and areas subject to planned development review requirements.

Related Organizations: Boston Redevelopment Authority

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Virginia Beach Sea Level Rise Policy Response Report

December 2019

In 2019, the City of Virginia Beach, Virginia released its Sea Level Rise Policy Response Report which identifies climate adaptation strategies, objectives, and potential legal and policy actions it could adopt to reduce Virginia Beach’s short- and long-term flood risk. The flood issues in Virginia Beach are multifaceted and the City is considering a range of adaptation responses - from engineering and planning to regulations and market-based tools - with the aim of pursuing a long-term, comprehensive approach.

Related Organizations: City of Virginia Beach, Virginia, Georgetown Climate Center

Resource Category: Planning

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Virginia Beach Public Works Design Standards Manual - Sea Level Rise and Precipitation Adjustments for Stormwater Management Design

May 2019

In 2019, the City of Virginia Beach updated its Public Works Design Standards Manual (Manual) to account for climate change impacts in drainage system design requirements that help control stormwater runoff. The Manual provides minimum design standards for all City public works projects within City rights-of-way, easements, and City-owned properties (e. g. , roadway, drainage, and traffic signal design standards). Section 8 of the Manual addresses stormwater management, and unlike most of the rest of the Manual, its standards apply to all private projects as well as City construction projects relating to stormwater management.

Related Organizations: City of Virginia Beach, Virginia

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Resilient Rhode Island Act (2014-H 7904)

June 19, 2014

On June 19, 2014 both houses of the Rhode Island legislature passed the Resilient Rhode Island Act of 2014. The Act follows Governor Chafee’e Executive Order creating the Rhode Island Executive Climate Change Council (February 21, 2014), and provides a framework for state government to adaptively plan for and manage climate change impacts.

Related Organizations: Brown University Center for Environmental Studies

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

An Act to Promote Clean Energy Jobs and to Establish the Maine Climate Council

June 26, 2019

In June 2019, Maine Governor Janet Mills signed into law "An Act to Promote Clean Energy Jobs and to Establish the Maine Climate Council. " The act states that the impacts of climate change have created an "emergency within the meaning of the Constitution of Maine" and find that the law is "immediately necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health and safety. " To address the state's climate emergency, the act includes multiple provisions related to climate adaptation and resilience.

Related Organizations: State of Maine

Author or Affiliated User: Nathan Robbins

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

California AB-65 Coastal protection: climate adaption: project prioritization: natural infrastructure: local general plans

September 27, 2019

California AB-65 requires the State Coastal Conservancy to prioritize funding coastal projects that use natural infrastructure in in support of coastal climate change adaptation.  It authorizes the Conservancy also to provide technical assistance to coastal communities to better assist them with their projects that use natural infrastructure. AB-65 applies to the distribution of the California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access For All Act of 2018, or Proposition 68 funding.

Related Organizations: State of California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Maryland Climate Change and Coast Smart Construction Infrastructure Siting and Design Guidelines

January 31, 2014

In December 2012, Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley signed an Executive Order (EO) entitled “Climate Change and ‘Coast Smart’ Construction,” requiring state agencies to consider risks of coastal flooding and sea-level rise in state capital budget projects, and requiring the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) to develop guidelines for the siting and design of infrastructure and other projects. Pursuant to the EO, in January 2014, the DNR-led Climate Change and Coast Smart Construction Working Group published “Coast Smart” Guidelines that provide recommendations to institutionalize consideration of coastal flooding and sea-level rise in planning and constructing all new or rehabilitated state structural and infrastructure projects, as well as state-funded private projects.

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

New York City Flood Resilience Zoning Amendment

October 9, 2013

In October 2013, New York City adopted zoning amendments to encourage flood-resilient construction of buildings in designated flood zones.  The amendments were put in place to remove regulatory barriers that hindered reconstruction of storm-damaged structures after Hurricane Sandy and to allow reconstructed buildings to comply with higher flood elevations issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) after the storm. The amendments were designed to ensure that new development and redevelopment would be less at-risk to damages from future flood events and to avoid increased flood insurance premiums.

Related Organizations: New York City Department of City Planning, City of New York, New York

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Florida Forever Land Acquisition Program

In 1999, the Florida Legislature passed the Florida Forever Act that established the Florida Forever land acquisition and protection program. The Florida Forever program serves as the state’s blueprint for conservation of natural resources. Through the Florida Forever program, the state is implementing effective land acquisition and preservation strategies supported by mapping tools and ecological data that help the state conduct scientific review and establish conservation priorities based upon climate change risks. Florida’s state legislature prioritized climate change considerations in the Florida Forever Act (Florida Stat. ch. 259.105(17)(d) (2018)) by requiring the Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Division of State Lands to evaluate lands for acquisition based on their potential benefits to sequester carbon or adapt to climate change impacts, among other criteria. Florida Forever can serve as an example of how other governments and partners can incorporate climate change into land acquisition programs to enhance adaptation and natural resource conservation. 

Related Organizations: State of Florida Department of Transportation

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List

 

Resource

Yankeetown, Florida Natural Resource Adaptation Action Area

The Town of Yankeetown, Florida is utilizing a state authorized land-use planning tool - called Adaptation Action Areas - to mitigate the impacts of sea-level rise on local ecosystems. Specifically, Yankeetown is experiencing coastal inundation due to sea-level rise that is causing large swaths of coastal forests to rapidly decline and salt marshes to migrate inland, creating a phenomenon known as “ghost forests.” Yankeetown has taken a unique approach to planning for coastal change by utilizing Adaptation Action Areas. Adaptation Action Areas are overlay districts local governments can utilize to increase management attention and oversight over defined areas within their municipality with the goal of increasing resilience to sea-level rise impacts. Yankeetown amended its local comprehensive plan to create a “Natural Resource Adaptation Action Area,” which is the first instance of a locality in Florida using this tool for the purpose of natural resource management rather than solely infrastructure protection. The tool is helping Yankeetown shape future growth and development to conserve and protect its natural resources in the face of rising seas. Local governments could consider adopting overlay districts like Adaptation Action Areas or other zoning, land-use, or planning tools to reduce or limit development in wetland and forest migration pathways as a part of comprehensive retreat strategies. 

Related Organizations: Town of Yankeetown, Florida

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

See Resource Login to Add to My Resource List