• Coastal Resources

Coastal Sector Laws and Regulations

This tab includes laws, legislation, regulations, agency guidance, and executive orders relevant to the coastal sector.  

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123 results are shown below.

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Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) Engineering Department Manual - Climate Resilience Design Guidelines

January 22, 2015

The Engineering Department of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) produced the Climate Resilience Design Guidelines (guidelines) to ensure that climate-related risks are factored into design and management of agency facilities and infrastructure. In particular, the guidelines focus on future sea-level rise projections and provide a methodology for incorporating projections into design criteria while allowing project teams flexibility to design cost-effective solutions.   PANYNJ project architects and engineers are to use the guidelines to assess the vulnerability of projects to future impacts and to address those impacts when designing port authority infrastructure and buildings.

Related Organizations: The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Building a Better Norfolk: A Zoning Ordinance of the 21st Century - Norfolk, Virginia

January 23, 2018

The City of Norfolk, Virginia adopted a new zoning ordinance in 2018 to enhance flood resilience and direct new more intense development to higher ground. The ordinance establishes a Coastal Resilience Overlay (CRO) zone, where new development and redevelopment will have to comply with new flood resilience requirements, and an Upland Resilience Overlay (URO), designed to encourage new development in areas of the city with lower risk of flooding.

Related Organizations: City of Norfolk, Virginia

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Guidance for Incorporating Sea Level Rise into Capital Planning in San Francisco

September 22, 2014

This Guidance presents a framework for considering sea level rise within the capital planning process for the City and County of San Francisco (CCSF). Adopted by the Capital Planning Committee (CPC) September 2014, the Guidance provides direction to all departments on how to incorporate sea level rise into new construction, capital improvement, and maintenance projects.

Related Organizations: City and County of San Francisco, California, SF Adapt (San Francisco Climate Adaptation Working Group)

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Floodplain Management and the Endangered Species Act (A Model Ordinance)

November 2013

This model ordinance for floodplain management was developed by FEMA under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  It is a template that cities, counties and tribes can customize and adopt which allows land users to comply with the NFIP and the ESA. This model case is enacted for the State of Washington, to be implemented at the local level.

Related Organizations: State of Washington, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maryland Department of Natural Resources Policy: “Building Resilience to Climate Change”

October 15, 2010

As the lead agency in Maryland for climate change adaptation efforts, the Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) issued this policy to “provide direction and guidance regarding the Department’s investments in and management of land, resources and assets in the face of climate change.” The policy is “to make sound investments in land and facilities and to manage [DNR] assets and natural resources so as to better understand, mitigate and adapt to climate change.”

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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California Sea-Level Rise Guidance - 2018 Update

March 14, 2018

The Ocean Protection Council’s 2018 update of the California Sea-Level Rise Guidance is designed in support of state agencies and local governments preparation for and adaption to sea-level rise (SLR). The report includes a step-by-step approach to SLR risk analysis, and incorporating these projections into planning, permitting, and investment decisions. Recommended adaptation strategies are given for priorities such as bolstering the resilience vulnerable communities and coastal habitats, and incorporating climate change impacts into project design and coastal planning.

Related Organizations: California Ocean Protection Council

Author or Affiliated User: Jennifer Phillips

Resource Category: Planning

 

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San Francisco’s Guidance for Incorporating Sea-Level Rise in Capital Planning – Transportation Implications

September 16, 2014

The City and County of San Francisco (CCSF) adopted Guidance on how city and county agencies must consider sea-level rise for new capital improvement projects, including transportation improvements. The Guidance was adopted by the Capital Planning Committee (CPC) in September 2014 and revised in December 2015; the CPC makes recommendations to the Mayor and Board of Supervisors on all capital expenditures and approves the City’s 10-year Capital Improvement Plan.   The Guidance provides direction to all CCSF departments on how to consider sea-level rise in all new construction, capital improvement, and maintenance projects.

Related Organizations: City and County of San Francisco, California

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Managing the Retreat from Rising Seas: Lessons and Tools from 17 Case Studies

July 15, 2020

This report, produced by the Georgetown Climate Center, features 17 case studies about how states, local governments, and communities across the country are approaching questions about managed retreat. Together, the case studies highlight how different types of legal and policy tools are being considered and implemented across a range of jurisdictions — from urban, suburban, and rural to riverine and coastal — to help support new and ongoing discussions on the subject. These case studies are intended to provide transferable lessons and potential management practices for coastal state and local policymakers evaluating managed retreat as one part of a strategy to adapt to climate change on the coast. The case studies in this report were informed by policymakers, practitioners, and community members leading, engaging in, or participating in the work presented in this report. This report was written to support Georgetown Climate Center’s Managed Retreat Toolkit, which also includes additional case study examples and a deeper exploration of specific legal and policy tools for use by state and local decisionmakers, climate adaptation practitioners, and planners.

Related Organizations: Georgetown Climate Center

Authors or Affiliated Users: Katie Spidalieri, Isabelle Smith

Resource Category: Solutions

 

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Mandatory Inclusionary Zoning Ordinance, Miami, Florida

December 13, 2018

In 2018, Miami passed a mandatory inclusionary zoning (IZ) ordinance that requires the inclusion of affordable housing in the Omni Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) district, a 30-block area north of downtown Miami. Miami currently ranks lowest in the  availability of affordable rental units among cities in the nation. Meanwhile, low-income communities in the city’s inland neighborhoods that are historically black and Latinx now face development pressures from wealthier residents seeking to relocate from the city’s low-lying coastal neighborhoods to the city’s inland neighborhoods.

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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Maryland's Living Shoreline Protection Act of 2008 (HB 973)

April 22, 2008

In its January 2008 interim report, the Maryland Commission on Climate Change recommended that the state begin to actively address the impacts on the natural environment of shore erosion induced by sea level rise. The Commission's report recommends a unified approach to shoreline management. Specifically, the Commission suggests that the state resolve management conflicts presented by the current statute and regulatory practice of permitting shore protection alternatives based on the order of preference.

Related Organizations: Maryland Department of the Environment

Resource Category: Law and Governance

 

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